Increased Coastal Population

Increased coastal population has an effect on climate change, which means, when there’s a lot of people living or coming to the coast, warming increases, which then increases the intensity of tropical storms and hurricanes, and makes them occur more often. We’ll talk more about how coastal population makes the climate warm and what the effects it will have on tropical cyclones. When coastal population increases, the greenhouse gases being emitted into the atmosphere from these people moving closer to the ocean will have an affect on the oceans temperature. Now let’s dig more deeper into how this happens.

When people move closer to the coastlines, that increases greenhouse gases in our atmosphere and makes our oceans more warmer and actually poses a threat on infrastructures and land. People litter all the time and some people may not know, but littering causes a threat to our climate, because of the greenhouse gases that come from it, and they are released into our atmosphere. I’m not saying everyone is going to litter, but some people will, and that’s a factor of how the climate would warm because the more people who come to the coast, means more littering you will see. You also have to think about how much garbage these people produce in a single day and how much trash there is and how much of that trash is going into our atmosphere. You also have to think about how many people drive cars that run on gas near the coast. Also, think about how many people come to the coastlines for vacations on planes. All these things affect our climate in some way and causes our atmosphere to warm because of the carbon emissions from these factors.

This chart shows that as coastal population went up, the intensity of hurricanes have gone up, and more damage impacted these locations. So, from 2000-2016, we see that the increase in population has gone up to 7.7 million people. According to this, it seems that every 1-2 million people coming to the coastlines increases intensity and damage of hurricanes.

United States coastal populations grew about 35 million people between 1970 and 2010. Also, for example, almost 13 million people in Florida had moved to the coast, although, a century ago, there was only 200,000 people living on the coast. There’s more people living in South Florida’s Dade County and Broward County now than there was people living in the southeastern United States in 1930. In the year 2000, a study was done by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and they found that Americans have built more than 500,000 structures that are 500 feet away from the coast, and the study suggested that coastal erosion would destroy one and four of those buildings in the next 60 years. The Caribbean countries are also similarly vulnerable to tropical storms. Mostly all of these countries are small and most people live near the coast of these countries and tourism is mainly on the coastlines of these countries. One-third of the Caribbean population is people ages 15 and under and since fertility rates have fallen throughout the world, the Caribbean countries are expected to increase population once the young population hits reproductive years. Most of these people come from a poor establishment or environments, I should say, and that makes them more vulnerable to natural disasters because the structures of their homes aren’t built to maintain these disasters that are occurring or going to occur. Locations like Puerto Rico and Jamaica are very dangerous areas to live because of the amount of people that live there and the fact their countries are so small, the potential for damage would be extreme. In these areas there’s a lot of poor people and that makes them more vulnerable to hurricane disasters because they will be in more debt than the rich because of having to rebuild their homes after the destruction has occurred. These people don’t have a lot of money so they have to take out loans and other necessities to rebuild back their homes but leaving them even more broke and in debt. Lastly, the more people who move to these coastal areas, and especially, people with low money, are going to see more destruction and more people will need to rebuild back homes and fix what has been damaged. Therefore, people who have less money are going to experience more hardships.

This video shows that more people who come to the coast no matter rich or poor are going to have to deal with more destruction and more expensive costs when hurricanes or disasters occur, especially in areas that have a lot of money because since that society is booming with money, the price to fix their homes will go up. For those who live in areas where it is poor, you’re going to see a lot of homeless, many people in debt, and a lot of sadness because they can’t provide for themselves anymore because of previous debt or other factors that have occurred in their lifetime.

Increased coastal population is heading towards a warming climate and with that warming climate comes more intensity of hurricanes, which will leave more damage and many people wondering how to fix their homes and so many people could end up in debt from it depending on if you have money to fix it or not. Places like Puerto Rico and Jamaica may take longer to recover with how many people live in those areas and especially, because in these areas there’s a lot of poor people so, it’ll take much more time to recover. Now that we have talked about increased, decreased, or staying the same in the number of hurricanes, and also, talked about sea-level rising, wind shear affecting hurricanes, and now increased coastal populations, let’s talk about how global temperatures affect hurricanes.

Works Cited

Cohen, T. Darryl. “60 Million Live in the Path of Hurricanes”, United States Census Bureau. August 6th, 2018. https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2018/08/coastal-county-population-rises.html

PRB. “In Harm’s Way: Hurricanes, Population Trends, and Environmental Change”, PRB. October 20, 2004. https://www.prb.org/resources/in-harms-way-hurricanes-population-trends-and-environmental-change/

Ye, Jason. “Hurricanes and Climate Change”, Center For Climate And Energy Solutions. July 10th, 2020.

Youtube Video

Strong Homes, November 16th, 2020, The Weather Channel – Rebuilding, Coastal Population, and Cost. [Video]. April 12th, 2022. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_g5VuuCJCgo

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